Located in the east part of the first floor of the exhibition building, the Exhibition Hall of the Agrarian Revolutionary War (August 1927-July 1937) focuses on the history of the revolutionary war launched by the CPC-led Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army and the Chinese people to fight against Kuomintang, abolish the feudal land system and establish a democratic government of workers and peasants. The Exhibition of the Agrarian Revolutionary War was removed in May 2012 when the Museum’s reinforcement and renovation project began.
This exhibition highlights the glorious history of the Chinese Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army (1928-1937), and how the troops grew into a new fearless and bold army of the people, under the leadership of the CPC. It focuses on how the CPC with Mao Zedong at the core of leadership integrated Marxism into China’s specific conditions and led the people’s army to explore a road of revolution in the country by establishing the principles of army building and identifying the military strategies and tactics of the people’s war suitable for China’s revolution. The exhibition also reveals that China and its people could be saved from impending dangers only through the armed struggle led by the Communist Party of China.
In the precious photographs of those days, one may admire the images of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Zhu De and other founding fathers of New China, of heroes who sacrificed their lives for the liberation of the country, of the poorly-equipped Red Army in their early days with plenty of fight, of tired Red Army soldiers on the Long March, and of those brave in battles at Jinggangshan, Gutian, Ruijin, Chishui River, Wuqi Town and Wayaobao.
The cultural relics on display were like creators, participants and witnesses of that period of history. Each of them, be it a military uniform, a gun, a cannon, a pair of binoculars, a piece of medical equipment, a communication device, a seal, a copy of rules, a proclamation or an operation plan, played a special role in the development of the people’s army and had a moving story to tell. There is the officer’s sword that was in the hand of a Communist Party member in the Northern Expedition (1926-1927), the hide puttees, pistols and CPC Member Cards which witnessed the high spirits of the leaders and the Red Army commanders in their glorious fighting days, and the embroidered curtains and postal parcels that showed the close relationship between the Red Army and the people. Moreover, the notes and cloth wrappers were witnesses of the disciplines of the Red Army; and the waterproof cloth, mess savings and silver coins given by a leader to his subordinates reflected the friendship among the Red Army officers and the rank and file. The earliest military uniform and the first telegraph receiver of the Red Army told about the development of the army. The last words and bloodstained remains of martyrs killed in the enemy’s prisons resounded the heroes’ bravery and righteousness. The medals and badges record the forefathers’ illustrious military exploits. The oil lamps and cannons made of lichee wood shone the radiance of hard struggle of the Red Army. The iron chain from the Luding Bridge witnessed the Red Army’s heroic bravery. The mountain gun was the only one of its kind that had been carried along the way of the Long March to Shaanbei. The grip-soles played a significant role when the Red Army climbed the snow-capped mountains in the Long March. The war trophies were evidence of the victories in numerous battles. The blankets witnessed the revolutionaries’ deep friendship.
Paintings and sculptures, such as August 1 Nanchang Uprising (1927), Force-reunion on the Jinggangshan Mountain, A Single Spark Can Start a Prairie Fire, The Red Army’s Triumph over the Encirclement, A Legendary Capture of the Luding Bridge, Reunion of the Three Main Forces, The Red Army Crossing the Grassy Marshlands, The Hard Times and A Blood-smearing Oath of Alliance, recapture the important historical scenes during the Agrarian Revolutionary War and impress visitors with artistic beauty. These are classical works in New China’s art history.