Based upon the exhibition “We Are Marching to the Sun” held in the commemoration of the 80th anniversary of the founding of the PLA, this exhibition hall was relocated to the east part of the third floor of the exhibition building at the end of 2007 and renovated between October and December 2009. The exhibition was reopened to the public on 1 January 2010. The Exhibition of New China’s Achievements in Defense and Army Building was removed in May 2012 when the reinforcement and renovation project of the building began.
The exhibition is staged in the preface hall and seven theme halls, namely “Strategic Decision and Glorious History”, “Superb Military Skills and an Iron Great Wall”, “Keeping Strict Military Discipline”, “Army Construction and Effective Support”, “Independent Innovation and Leapfrog Development”, “Bearing the Aim in Mind and Building Our Country” and “Being World-oriented and Maintaining the World’s Peace”.
The exhibition features newly-listed cultural relics and new military equipment, including the punchbag Mao Zedong struck when watching a military skills competition, the broadcast script by Zhou Enlai in bombarding the Jinmen Island, the attendance register of the enlarged meeting of the Central Military Committee in 1956, the hand-cranked calculator used in developing atom bombs, the flag placed on Height 203 in the Battle of Yijiangshan Islands, the hero pilot Du Fengrui’s written request for assignment to a battle, Lei Feng’s diaries, the models of China’s first atom bomb and hydrogen bomb, a scarred trunk from the Battle of Triangle Hill in the War to Resist the US Aggression and Aid Korea, the Chinese national and army flags first hoisted in Hong Kong and Macau and the life jacket worn by Li Xiangqun, a solider who sacrificed his life in fighting a flood. There are also light weapons like 5.8mm-serial guns and models of “Type 99” tank, new tracked fight vehicle, PLZ-05 self-propelled howitzer, Dongfeng-21C medium- and long-range missile, HQ-9 ground-to-air missile and JH-7 fighter-bomber.