First open to the public on 1 August 1960, the exhibition has undergone adjustment for a couple of times. Reopened to the public in 1999 with newly-arranged exhibits, the exhibition is warmly received by visitors. The current exhibition began to be open to the public in 2010, after new arrangement was made based upon that made in 1999. Located in the east part of the fourth floor of the exhibition building, the exhibition hall occupies an area of 1,300 square meters and houses over 720 exhibits, including 456 cultural relics, 238 photograhps, nine tables, nine operation maps, six oil paintings and four silicone figures and four sculptures. The Exhibition of the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea was removed in May 2012 when the reinforcement and renovation project of the building began.
Highlighting the military struggle in the War to Resist US Aggression and Aid Korea, the exhibition presents an overview of the Chinese People’s Volunteers fighting shoulder to shouler with the Korean People’s Army against the US-led “UN forces” and comes into four parts, namely, “Decision to Dispatch Troops”, “Annilating Enemies in Movement”, “Fights and Negotiations” and “Returning in Triumph”. Meanwhile, the exhibition introduces the political work, logistics, armistice negotiations, the people’s support and Sino-Korean friendship along the timeline of the war. Visitors may find all sorts of feeling well up in their mind when looking at the exhibits, including the things used by Commander General Peng Dehuai during the war, the things left behind by Yang Gensi, Huang Jiguang and other special-class combat heroes, a trunk scarred with bomb fragments brought back from the Triangle Hill, the flag of the US 31st Regimental Combat Team, as well as the oil paintings such as He Kongde’s Front, Gao Quan’s Dicision to Dispatch Troops, Sun Lixin’s Battle on the Pine Hill and Zhang Qingtao’s Yang Gensi.
The relief titled “The Flag of Righteousness” in the preface hall, with a red flag inscribed with Mao Zedong’s writing of “Fighting the War to Safeguard Our Own Home”, reveals the reason why the Chinese army got involved in the war. The azalea unique to Korea echoes with the steel bridge overhead, which makes visitors recall the scene when the Chinese People’s Volunteers went across the Yalu River proudly and in high spirits.