Located in the east part of the second floor of the exhibition building, the Exhibition of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression (July 1937-August 1945) presents the Chinese nation’s fighting against Japanese aggression under the banner of the National United Front for Resistance against Japan based upon the CPC-initiated Kuomintang-Communist cooperation. The Exhibition of the War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression was removed in May 2012 when the Museum’s reinforcement and renovation project began.
More than 1,000 cultural relics are on display, including the trench mortar with which the Chinese Army killed the Japanese Lieutenant-General Norihide Abe; the copper seal used by Yang Jingyu, a renowned hero fighting against the Japanese; the haemostatic forceps used by the respectable internationalist Norman Bethune; the uniforms worn by Ye Ting when the Commander of the New Fourth Army was interned by Kuomintang; the revolver used by Zuo Quan, Deputy Chief of Staff of the Eighth Route Army; the shoulder-carried firelock used by the Wild-goose-down Guerrillas around the Baiyangdian Lake; the Japanese flag seized in the Hundred-Regiment Campaign (20 Aug.-5 Dec. 1940) and the Samurai Sword handed in by Yasuji Okamura, the Number One war criminal of the Japanese invaders. All these cultural relics were icons of the Chinese people’s solidarity and bravery in fighting against the Japanese aggressors and witnessed the failure of the fascist Japanese aggression to China.
The exhibition also presents over 300 historical photos, faithfully recording that period of history and capturing the brave fighting of the CPC-led people’s armed forces against the Japanese aggressors at the enemy’s rear area. There are exhibits of sculptures, oil paintings and man-made spectacles as well. One finds a sculpture “Chop the Japanese Aggressors with Broadswords” at the entrance of the exhibition hall. The sculpture recaptures the heroic images of the fearless CPC-led armed forces. The background painting “The Great Wall in Flames of War” illustrates the Chinese people’s strong determination to “build our new Great Wall with flesh and blood”, in face of the brutal aggressions. The oil painting The Hundred-Regiment Campaign depicts the magnificent historical scene of the guerrilla war launched by over 100 regiments of the CPC-led Eighth Route Army on the Japanese aggressors in the enemy-occupied areas in north China. The man-made spectacle “Tunnel Warfare” recaptures how the Chinese soldiers and ordinary people in the central part of Hebei Province encircled the Japanese aggressors in the vast ocean of the people’s war and reveals the truth that “the army and the people are whom we rely on to achieve victory”.